Dorothy Dandridge (actress, singer, dancer)African-American actress, singer, and dancer Dorothy Dandridge, the daughter of lesbian stage and screen actress Ruby Dandridge, began performing professionally in the song-and-dance duo "The Wonder Children" with her sister Vivian at age four; they toured parts of the South, performing at churches, schools, and social gatherings. In the 1930s her family relocated to Los Angeles. Dorothy performed in the Marx brothers' comedy A Day at the Races, in the group the Dandridge Sisters, and the films Going Places and Sun Valley Serenade. After her marriage to Harold Nicholas, she put her career on hold for a while, but the birth of a severely brain-damaged daughter strained her marriage and it soon ended in divorce, after which she put most of her energy into her career. She went on to appear in Tarzan's Peril and Carmen Jones (for which she received a "Best Actress" Oscar nomination, becoming the first black woman to do so). Three years went by before her next role, in Islands in the Sun, in which she again made history by being the first black actress cast romantically with a white actor in a film.